EFFECTS OF MULTIPLE SIMULATION PRESENTATION AMONG STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT ANXIETY LEVELS IN THE LEARNING OF PROBABILITY

 

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of multiple simulation presentation in interactive multimedia courseware on the achievement of students with different levels of anxiety in the learning of Probability. The interactive multimedia courseware was developed in two different modes, which were Multiple Simulation Presentation (MSP) and Single Simulation Presentation (SSP). These presentation modes acted as independent variables, while the dependent variable was the studentsí mean score of posttest. The moderator variable was the different levels of anxiety. The sample of the study was 70 Form Four Malaysian students from five intact classes. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were carried out to analyse the research data. Analyses of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used to study the main effects and the interaction effect of independent variables against the dependent variables. The findings of this study showed that students in SSP mode had achieved significantly higher mean score of posttest than the students in MSP mode. The high anxiety students who were presented with SSP mode had achieved significantly higher mean score of posttest compared to the high anxiety students who were presented with MSP mode. This study implicated that students learn better when corresponding with SSP mode, especially for students with high level of anxiety.