THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EMBEDDED INSTRUCTION APPROACH AND MODERN CITIZENSHIP COMPETENCY
Since 2011, universities in Taiwan have being pursuing a new direction in education — embedding citizenship in professional courses to help students achieve professional competencies and modern citizenship competency. By applying both quantitative research and case analysis, the study presents 2 conclusions. First, student ethical literacy reached the highest level and aesthetic literacy reached the lowest among the learning outcomes of the 5 civic literacies by applying the embedded instruction approach. Second, the 8 embedded teaching methods significantly influenced the student recognition level of citizenship; among these methods, performance/exhibition and disputation had the greatest efficiency. The course case analysis of this study also demonstrated that a practice-oriented teaching strategy, such as encouraging students to undertake learning projects and public exhibitions, is considerably effective in promoting citizenship.