Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) is in the process of modernising its teaching and learning approaches. As one of the pedagogical reform projects, student-centred learning (SCL) in combination with Web 2.0 tools was introduced as a pilot in the course ‘ICT in Environmental Education’ in the Faculty of Education. This study explored—using action research strategy—to what extent the new pedagogical approach contributed to students’ competency development. Twenty-nine students were involved in the course. Eight semi-structured interviews with students were combined with sixteen classroom observations to see how students used the Learning Management System (LMS) and Web 2.0 tools over eight weeks. Content analysis was used for interviews and information produced by students. The results showed that collaboratively e-learning supported the development of students’ information management and problem-solving skills and their use of metacognitive strategies for self-regulated learning. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)–supported, problem-based learning contributed to greater intrinsic motivation. However, not all students were ready to adopt an active role. At the start, they saw teaching as a one-way knowledge transfer. This article recommends that e-learning initiatives in Mozambique always go together with an ICT-based literacy course and training in 21st-century learning skills.